Many of the largest farms in the world are either in China or Australia. Not all farms are the same, though. Some farms focus on edible plants, while others are cattle or dairy farms. Either way, farms are an important part of our lives. Interestingly, some of the largest farms in the world are cattle farms or dairy farms.
Follow along to learn more about the largest farm in the world and the states it beats in size!
Did you know the largest farm in the entire world is bigger than 11 U.S. states? This massive farm dairy farm is located in Heilongjiang, China, Mudanjiang City Mega Farm has over 100,000 dairy cows and covers an impressive 22.5 million acres. If that doesn’t impress you, Mudanjiang City Mega Farm produces about 800 million liters (about 200 million gallons) of dairy every year. This large farm is about the size of Portugal and larger than 11 states in the U.S. It’s also nearly double the size of the second-largest farm in the world, meaning no other farm comes close. Interestingly, this farm is also newer than other farms. It was constructed in 2015 to produce and deliver dairy to the Russian market.
Mudanjiang City Mega Farm is larger than the following 11 states:
- South Carolina
- West Virginia
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- Rhode Island
As impressive as the Mudanjiang City Mega Farm is, there are other large farms in the world. For example, the second largest farm, also in China is China Modern Dairy. It’s located in Anhui, China, and has over 230,000 dairy cows.
The third largest farm in the world is Anna Creek, located in South Australia, Australia Anna Creek is home to about 9,500 cattle. It also covers over 6 million acres of land.
Also in South Australia is the fourth largest farm in the world, Clifton Hills. It covers about 4.2 million acres of land and over 14,000 cattle.
Last but not least, the fifth largest farm in the world is Alexandria, which is 4 million acres and in the northern territory of Australia. This cattle farm contains over 55,000 cattle and is owned by the North Australian Pastoral Company.
Farms are home to many different animals. However, each farm is unique. Some farms focus on agriculture and only grow one or two cultivars, while others care for animals. Below are some of the most common farm animals and fun facts about each.
One of the most common farm animals in the world is the chickens. They are easy and small enough to care for that you don’t need hundreds or thousands of acres. Chickens are popular throughout the world. Not only can you raise chickens for their meat, but also for their eggs. Poultry farming doesn’t just mean raising chickens but also turkeys, ducks, and geese. Egg-laying chickens can be raised in many different ways. You may have noticed words and phrases like “free range,” “organic,” and “free-run” chickens on egg cartons.
“Free-range” chickens refer to chickens that roam freely during the day in a designated area. However, they are usually kept in confined shelters at night to keep them away from hungry predators. “Free-run” chickens live similarly, but they freely run in an enclosed barn. Although they have some freedom, free-run chickens can suffer from low air quality since dust levels are higher. “Organic” chicken eggs are produced by free-range chickens fed on a strict diet. There are also restrictions on how many chickens can live in a poultry house.
Another common farm animal is the cow You may have noticed that there are many large dairy farms on the list. The largest farm in the world is a dairy farm, with lots of production. Cows are gentle and large creatures. There are over 250 recognized cow species in the world. It’s not easy to take care of one cow and even harder with hundreds. Milk-producing cows need to be milked about 2-3 times a day. If not, their health can deteriorate. Dairy cows also produce about 6 to 8 gallons of milk every day. No two farms are exact, either. Some dairy farms allow cows to roam freely, while others keep them in tight, enclosed spaces.
Dairy cows also produce about 6 to 8 gallons of milk every day!©iStock.com/Diane Kuhl
Last but not least, goats are another common farm animal. Goats, like chickens and cows, provide milk and meat. These adorable animals need plenty of space to graze. In addition, they are herbivores and need high-quality pasture. While cow milk is more popular, goat milk is about 2% of the world’s total annual milk supply. Goat milk is easily made into goat cheese without homogenization. Common goat products include cheese, milk, ice cream, and yogurt.